Scope of equalisation levy
The Finance Act, 2020 has extended the scope of Equalisation Levy to include consideration received or receivable for e-commerce supply or services made or facilitated by an e-commerce operator.
- Applicable w.e.f. 01st April 2020
- Rate of Equalisation levy: 2%
- Covers supplies or services to following:
- Person resident in India
- Person who buys such goods or services or both using internet protocol address located in India
- Non-resident – only in the following cases:
- sale of advertisement, which targets a customer, who is resident in India or a customer who accesses the advertisement though internet protocol address located in India
- sale of data, collected from a person who is resident in India or from a person who uses internet protocol address located in India.
Meaning of e-commerce operator
- E-commerce operator means a non-resident who owns, operates or manages digital or electronic facility or platform for online sale of goods or online provision of services or both.
Meaning of e-commerce supply or services
- Online sale of goods owned by the e-commerce operator;
- Online provision of services provided by the e-commerce operator;
- Online sale of goods or provision of services or both facilitated by the e-commerce operator; or
- Any combination of above activities
Equalisation levy shall not be charged if:
- Non resident e-commerce operator has a permanent establishment in India
- e-commerce supply or services is effectively connected with such permanent establishment
- where the equalisation levy is leviable under the existing provisions of sum received or receivable from online advertisement services
- sales, turnover or gross receipts of the e-commerce operator from the e-commerce supply or services is less than two crore rupees during the previous year
- Obligation to deposit the equalisation levy on the e-commerce operator
- the equalisation levy in respect of online supply of goods and services shall be paid to the credit of central government on quarterly basis (by 7 days from the end of quarter, except for quarter ending March, wherein to be paid by 31st March.
- Annual filing of statement- on or before 30th June of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which equalisation levy is chargeable
- Interest for delay in deposit- 1% of such levy for every month or part of the month during which such failure continues
- Penalty – 100% of default
Section 10(50) of the Income-tax Act provides that incomes in respect of which equalization levy has been charged shall be exempt from tax. Hence, no Income-tax would be charged on consideration received or receivable for specified services which are subject to such levy.
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