Startup India : All you need to know

An entity shall be considered as a Startup:

  1. Upto a period of ten years from the date of incorporation/ registration, if it is incorporated as a private limited company (as defined in the Companies Act, 2013) or registered as a partnership firm (registered under section 59 of the Partnership Act, 1932) or a limited liability partnership (under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008) in India.
  2. Turnover of the entity for any of the financial years since incorporation/ registration has not exceeded one hundred crore rupees.
  3. Entity is working towards innovation, development or improvement of products or processes or services, or if it is a scalable business model with a high potential of employment generation or wealth creation

Provided that an entity formed by splitting up or reconstruction of an existing business shall not be considered a ‘Startup’.

Explanation-

An entity shall cease to be a Startup on completion of ten years from the date of its incorporation/ registration or if its turnover for any previous year exceeds one hundred crore rupees.

Recognition

The process of recognition of an eligible entity as startup shall be as under: —

  • A Startup shall make an online application over the mobile app or portal set up by the DPIIT.
  • The application shall be accompanied by—
    • a copy of Certificate of Incorporation or Registration, as the case may be, and
    • a write-up about the nature of business highlighting how it is working towards innovation, development or improvement of products or processes or services, or its scalability in terms of employment generation or wealth creation.
  • The DPIIT may, after calling for such documents or information and making such enquires, as it may deem fit, —
    • recognise the eligible entity as Startup; or
    • reject the application by providing

Certification for the purposes of section 80-IAC of the Act

A Startup being a private limited company or limited liability partnership, which fulfils the conditions specified in sub-clause (i) and sub-clause (ii) of the Explanation to section 80-IAC of the Act, may, for obtaining a certificate for the purposes of section 80-IAC of the Act, make an application in Form-1 along with documents specified therein to the Board and the Board may, after calling for such documents or information and making such enquires, as it may deem fit, —

  • grant the certificate referred to in sub-clause (c) of clause (ii) of the Explanation to section 80-IAC of the Act; or
  • reject the application by providing reasons

Exemption for the purpose of clause (viib) of sub-section (2) of section 56 of the Act

A Startup shall be eligible for notification under clause (ii) of the proviso to clause (viib) of sub-section (2) of section 56 of the Act and consequent exemption from the provisions of that clause, if it fulfils the following conditions:

  • it has been recognised by DPIIT under para 2(iii)(a) or as per any earlier notification on the subject
  • aggregate amount of paid up share capital and share premium of the startup after issue or proposed issue of share, if any, does not exceed, twenty five crore rupees:

Provided that in computing the aggregate amount of paid up share capital, the amount of paid up share capital and share premium of twenty five crore rupees in respect of shares issued to any of the following persons shall not be included─

  • a non-resident; or
  • a venture capital company or a venture capital fund;

Provided further that considerations received by such startup for shares issued or proposed to be issued to a specified company shall also be exempt and shall not be included in computing the aggregate amount of paid up share capital and share premium of twenty five crore rupees.

  • It has not invested in any of the following assets,─
    • building or land appurtenant thereto, being a residential house, other than that used by the Startup for the purposes of renting or held by it as stock-in-trade, in the ordinary course of business;
    • land or building, or both, not being a residential house, other than that occupied by the Startup for its business or used by it for purposes of renting or held by it as stock-in trade, in the ordinary course of business;
    • loans and advances, other than loans or advances extended in the ordinary course of business by the Startup where the lending of money is substantial part of its business;
    • capital contribution made to any other entity;
    • shares and securities;
    • a motor vehicle, aircraft, yacht or any other mode of transport, the actual cost of which exceeds ten lakh rupees, other than that held by the Startup for the purpose of plying, hiring, leasing or as stock-in-trade, in the ordinary course of business;
    • jewellary other than that held by the Startup as stock-in-trade in the ordinary course of business;
    • any other asset, whether in the nature of capital asset or otherwise, of the nature specified in sub-clauses (iv) to (ix) of clause (d) of Explanation to clause (vii) of sub-section (2) of section 56 of the Act.

Provided the Startup shall not invest in any of the assets specified in sub-clauses (a) to (h) for the period of seven years from the end of the latest financial year in which shares are issued at premium;

Explanation.─ For the purposes of this paragraph,-

  • “specified company” means a company whose shares are frequently traded within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 and whose net worth on the last date of financial year preceding the year in which shares are issued exceeds one hundred crore rupees or turnover for the financial year preceding the year in which shares are issued exceeds two hundred fifty crore rupees.

(ii) the expressions “venture capital company” and “venture capital fund” shall have the same meanings as respectively assigned to them in the explanation to clause (viib) of sub Section( 2) of Section 56 of the Act.

Declaration

A startup fulfilling conditions mentioned shall file duly signed declaration in Form 2 to DIPP that it fulfills the conditions mentioned. On receipt of such declaration, the DPIIT shall forward the same to the CBDT.

Scope

Notification referred shall apply irrespective of the dates on which shares are issued by the Start up from the date of its incorporation, except for the shares issued in respect of which an addition under section 56(2)(viib) of the Act has been made in an assessment order made under the Act before the date of issue of the notification.

Notification referred shall be applicable only in respect of applicability of the provisions of section 56(2)(viib) of the Act to the Startup and shall not grant any exemption in respect of applicability of other provisions of the Act.

Revocation

In case it is found that any certificate referred has been obtained on the basis of false information, the Board reserves the right to revoke such certificate or approval.

Where the certificate or approval has been revoked, such certificate or approval shall be deemed never to have been issued or granted by the Board.

In case the Startup which has furnished declaration in Form-2 invests in any of the assets specified above before the end of seven years from the end of the latest financial year in which the shares are issued at premium, the exemption provided under section 56(2)(viib) of the Act shall be revoked with retrospective effect.

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